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Leopard Frog
Rana sphenocephala
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Rana sphenacephala - Leopard Frog
Appearance:  Leopard Frogs are medium sized frogs that may reach a maximum body length of 3 1/8 in. (8 cm). Leopard Frogs have variable coloration.  Ground color may vary from light brown to dark green. The snout is rather sharply pointed.  Leopard Frogs have several rows of distinct brown spots on their back and legs.  Two distinct lateral skin folds (yellow or gold in color) extend from eye to the groin. Their belly and throat are creamy white. Male bilateral vocal sacs are paired and look like waterwings when inflated.

Habitat: Leopard Frogs may be found around just about any body of water.  During or after rains leopard frogs can be found long distances from the water.  Leopard Frogs are commonly found in grassy areas, damp pastures, fields, sodlands, ponds, lakes, flooded ditches, irrigation and drainage canals, stream and river edges.  This is one of the few frogs able to colonize brackish coastal waters.

Vocalization:  Leopard Frogs most actively call in the winter and early spring, although they can be heard all year.  The call is variable. The Leopard Frog call sounds like chicken clucks or the sound made when rubbing your fingers over the surface of a wet balloon. Chorus:  Rana sphenocephala - chorus includes Cricket Frog (Includes Cricket Frog)  Chorus:Rana sphenocephala - chorus includes Spring Peeper and Southern Toad(Includes Spring Peeper and Southern Toad)

Reproduction/Eggs: Female Leopard Frogs lay eggs in clumps that usually adhere to surface/subsurface vegetation. More than 1,000 eggs have been recorded either in a mass or in several clumps. 

Rana sphenacephala - Leopard FrogAbundance: These are the most abundant frogs in Florida.

Range: The range of the southern Leopard Frog extends from New Jersey south through the Coastal Plain down through Florida; westward through Kentucky, southern Indiana and southern Illinois, to eastern Iowa, eastern Oklahoma, and eastern Texas.

SE ARMI Index Sites: Great Smoky Mountains National Park (Rana pipiens, Northern Leopard Frog), Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge, Everglades National Park.



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