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Published in partnership with the NOAA National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science



Field Guide to the Nonindigenous Marine Fishes of Florida

By 1Pamela J. Schofield, Ph.D., 2James A. Morris, Jr., Ph.D., and 3Lad Akins




Field Guide to the Nonidigenous Marine Fishes of Florida cover image - click to open the full documentThis field guide provides species accounts for non-native fishes sighted in estuarine and marine waters of Florida, serving as a "watch list" of invaders that could potentially become established. Most of these are thought to be aquarium fishes that either were illegally released into the ocean or escaped captivity.

To help prevent the establishment of non-native fishes in Florida's marine waters, NOAA's National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS), the Reef Environmental and Education Foundation (REEF), and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) have formed a partnership to focus on early detection and rapid response of non-native marine fishes.

If you spot any of these species, please report it to USGS-NAS database. Please provide photographs and the location where the species was sighted or collected as accurately as possible (including GPS coordinates, if possible).

Species accounts consist of photographs of the species, identification criteria, a summary of similar species that occur in Florida, native geographic range, non-native occurrences in the U.S.A., a synthesis of the ecology of the species, and a map of occurrences in Florida. References to source material are provided to those interested in learning more about the species.




Suggested Citation: Schofield, P. J., J. A. Morris, Jr. and L. Akins. 2009. Field Guide to Nonindigenous Marine Fishes of Florida. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 92.



1Pamela J. Schofield, Ph.D.
U.S. Geological Survey
7920 NW 71st Street
Gainesville, FL 32653
pschofield@usgs.gov
U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) - click to go to USGS
2James A. Morris, Jr., Ph.D.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
National Ocean Service
National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science
Center for Coastal Fisheries and Habitat Research
101 Pivers Island Road
Beaufort, NC 28516
james.morris@noaa.gov


National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) - click to go to NOAA
3Lad Akins
Reef Environmental Education Foundation (REEF)
98300 Overseas Highway
Key Largo, FL 33037
lad@reef.org
Reef Environmental Education Foundation (REEF) - click to go to REEF

Species Accounts


Hemiscylliidae (bamboosharks)
Chiloscyllium punctatum
Poeciliidae (livebearers)
Belonesox belizanus
Scorpaenidae (scorpionfishes)
Pterois volitans and Pterois miles
Serranidae (groupers)
Cephalopholis argus
Chromileptes altivelis
Grammatidae (basslets)
Gramma loreto
Chaetodontidae (butterflyfishes)
Chaetodon lunula
Heniochus Diphreutes, H. intermedius, H. monoceros
Pomacanthidae (angelfishes)
Pomacanthus annularis
Pomacanthus asfur
Pomacanthus imperator
Pomacanthus maculosus
Pomacanthus semicirculatus
Pomacanthus xanthometopon
Cichlidae (cichlids)
Cichlasoma urophthalmus
Hemichromis letourneuxi
Oreochromis mossambicus
Oreochromis niloticus
Sarotherodon melanotheron
Tilapia mariae
Pomacentridae (damselfishes)
Dascyllus aruanus
Dascyllus trimaculatus
Blenniidae (combtooth blennies)
Hypsoblennius invemar
Ephippidae (spadefishes)
Platax orbicularis
Scatophagidae (scats)
Scatophagus argus
Zanclidae (Moorish Idol)
Zanclus cornutus
Acanthuridae (surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes)
Acanthurus guttatus
Acanthurus sohal
Naso lituratus
Zebrasoma desjardinii
Zebrasoma flavescens
Zebrasoma scopas
Zebrasoma veliferum
Zebrasoma xanthurum
Balistidae (triggerfishes)
Rhinecanthus aculeatus
Rhinecanthus verrucosus
Tetraodontidae (puffers)
Arothron diadematus

Part or all of this report is presented in Portable Document Format (PDF); the latest version of Adobe Reader or similar software is required to view it. Download the latest version of Adobe Reader, free of charge.


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