USGS - science for a changing world

Southeast Ecological Science Center

clear pixel clear pixel clear pixel clear pixel


   SoutheasternARMI - click to go to the Southeastern ARMI homepage


Prepared by: C. Kenneth Dodd, Jr.
Florida Integrated Science Center, U.S. Geological Survey

September `8, 2007

Adams, M. J., R. B. Bury, and S. A. Swarts. 1998. Amphibians of the Fort Lewis Military Reservation, Washington: sampling techniques and community patterns. Northwestern Naturalist 79: 12-18.

Barichivich, W.J.  2003. Appendix IV: Guidelines for building and operating remote field recorders. In Dodd, C. K., Jr., Monitoring Amphibians in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. U.S. Geological Survey Circular No. 1258.

Bennett, R.M., R.M. Ross, W.A. Lellis, and L.A. Redell. 2003. Terrestrial salamander preference for artificial cover objects made from four species of wood. Journal of Pennsylvania Academy of Science 76:77-79.

Bishop, C. A. and K. E. Pettit (eds.). 1992. Declines in Canadian amphibian populations: designing a national monitoring strategy. Canadian Wildlife Service Occasional Paper No. 76, 117 pp.

Bishop, C. A., K. E. Pettit, M. E. Gartshore, and D. A. MacLeod. 1997. Extensive monitoring of   anuran populations using call counts and road transects in Ontario (1992 to 1993). In Green, D. M. (ed.), Amphibians in Decline. Canadian Studies of a Global Problem. Herpetological Conservation No. 1:149-160.

Bonin, J. and Y. Bachand. 1997. The use of artificial covers to survey terrestrial salamanders in Québec. In Green, D. M. (ed.), Amphibians in Decline. Canadian Studies of a Global Problem. Herpetological Conservation No. 1:175-179.

Boughton, R.G. 1997. The use of PVC refugia as a trapping technique for hylid treefrogs. M. S. thesis, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. 94 pp.

Boughton, R., J. Staiger, and R. Franz. 2000. Use of PVC pipe refugia as a sampling technique for hylid treefrogs. American Midland Naturalist 144: 168-177.

Brooks R.T. 1999. Residual effects of thinning and high white-tailed deer densities on northern redback salamanders in southern New England oak forests. Journal of Wildlife Management. 63:1172-1180.

Bury, R. B. and P. S. Corn. 1991. Sampling Methods for Amphibians in Streams in the Pacific Northwest. USDA Forest Service, General and Technical Report PNW-GTR-275, 29 pp.

Campbell, H.W. and S.P. Christman. 1982. Field techniques for herpetofaunal community analysis. Pages 193-200 In N. J. Scott, Jr. (ed.), Herpetological Communities, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wildlife Research Report 13, Washington, D.C.

Carfioli, M. A. 2000. Influence of coverboard design on microclimate conditions and herpetofaunal pattern of use. M.S. thesis, West Chester University, West Chester, PA, USA. Pp. 130.

Carfioli, M. A., H. M. Tiebout III, S. A. Pagano, K. M. Heister, and F. C. Lutcher. 2000. Monitoring Plethodon cinereus populations: field tests of experimental coverboard designs. Pp. 463-475. In R. C. Bruce, R. G. Jaeger, L. D. Houck (eds.), The Biology of Plethodontid Salamanders. Plenum Publishing Co., New York, New York. USA.

Casazza, M. L., G. D. Wylie, and C. J. Gregory. 2000. A funnel trap modification for surface collection of aquatic amphibians and reptiles. Herpetological Review 31:91-92.

Chalmers, R. C. and S. Droege. 2002. Leaf litter bags as an index to populations of northern two-lined salamanders (Eurycea bislineata). Wildlife Society Bulletin 30: 71-74.

Corn, P. S. and R. B. Bury. 1990. Sampling Methods for Terrestrial Amphibians and Reptiles. USDA Forest Service, General and Technical Report PNW-GTR-256, 34 pp.

Corn, P. S., M. L. Jennings, and E. Muths. 1997. Survey and assessment of amphibian populations in Rocky Mountain National Park. Northwestern Naturalist 78: 34-55.

Corn, P. S., E. Muths, and W. M. Iko. 2000. A comparison in Colorado of three methods to monitor breeding amphibians. Northwestern Naturalist 81: 22-30.

Crouch, W. B., and P. W. C. Paton. 2000. Using egg-mass counts to monitor wood frog populations. Wildlife Society Bulletin 28: 895-901.

Crouch, W. B., III. and P. W. C. Paton. 2002. Assessing the use of call surveys to monitor breeding anurans in Rhode Island. Journal of Herpetology 36: 185-192.

Davis, T. 1997. Non-distruptive monitoring of terrestrial salamanders with artificial cover objects on southern Vancouver Island, British Columbia. In Green, D. M. (ed.), Amphibians in Decline. Canadian Studies of a Global Problem. Herpetological Conservation No 1: 161-174.

DeGraff, R.M. and M. Yamaskai. 1992. A nondestructive technique to monitor the relative abundance of terrestrial salamanders. Wildlife Society Bulletin 20:260-264.

Dodd, C.K., Jr. 1990. Line transect estimation of Red Hills salamander burrow density using a Fourier series. Copeia 1990:555-557.

Dodd, C.K., Jr. 1991. Drift fence-associated sampling bias of amphibians at a Florida sandhills temporary pond. Journal of Herpetology 25:296-301.

Dodd, C. K., Jr. 2003. Monitoring Amphibians in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. U.S. Geological Survey Circular No. 1258. 117 pp.

Enge, K. M. 1997. A standardized protocol for drift-fence surveys. Florida Game and fresh Water Fish Commission Technical Report 14, 68 pp.

Enge, K. M. 1998. Herpetofaunal survey of an upland hardwood forest in Gadsen County, Florida. Florida Scientist 61:141-159.

Enge, K. M. 1998. Herpetofaunal surveys of the Big Bend Wildlife Management Area, Taylor County, Florida. Florida Scientist 61:61-87.

Enge, K. M. 2002. Herpetofaunal drift-fence survey of two seepage bogs in Okaloosa County, Florida. Florida Scientist 65:67-82.

Enge, K. M. and K. N. Wood. 2000. A herpetofaunal survey of Chassahowitzka Wildlife Management Area, Hernando County, Florida. Herpetological Natural History 7:117-144.

Enge, K. M. and K. N. Wood. 2001. Herpetofauna of Chinsegut Nature Center, Hernando County, Florida. Florida Scientist 64:283-305.

Fellers, G. M. and K. L. Freel. 1995. A Standardized Protocol for Surveying Aquatic Amphibians. National Park Service Technical Report NPS/WRUC/NRTR-95-01, 117 pp.

Gent, T. and S. Gibson (eds.). 1998. Herpetofauna Worker's Manual. Joint Nature Conservation Committee, Peterborough, England. 152 pp.

Gibbons, J.W. and R.D. Semlitsch. 1982. Terrestrial drift fences with pitfall traps: an effective technique for quantitative sampling of animal populations. Brimleyana 7:1-16.

Gibbons, J.W., V.J. Burke, J.E. Lovich, R.D. Semlitsch, T.D. Tuberville, J.R. Bodie, J.L. Greene, P.H. Niewiarowski, H.H. Whiteman, D.E. Scott, J.H.K. Pechmann, C.R. Harrison, S.H., Bennett, J.D. Krenz, M.S. Mills, K.A. Buhlmann, J.R. Lee, R.A. Seigel, A.D. Tucker, T.M. Mills, T. Lamb, M.E. Dorcas, J.D. Congdon, M.H. Smith, D.H. Nelson, M.B. Dietsch, H.G. Hanlin, J.A. Ott, and D.J. Karapatakis. 1997. Perceptions of species abundance, distribution, and diversity: lessons from four decades of sampling on a government-managed reserve. Environmental Management 21:259-268.

Grant, B.W., A.D. Tucker, J.E. Lovich, A.M. Hills, P.M. Dixon, and J.W. Gibbons. 1992. The use of coverboards in estimating patterns of reptile and amphibian biodiversity. Pp. 379-403 In D.R. McCullough and R.H. Barrett (eds.), Wildlife 2001, Elsevier Science Publications, London.

Hairston, N. G., Sr., and R. H. Wiley. 1993. No decline in salamander (Amphibia: Caudata)  populations: a twenty-year study in the Southern Appalachians. Brimleyana 18:59-64.

Hall, R. J., and C. A. Langtimm. 2001. The U.S. national amphibian research and monitoring initiative and the role of protected areas. George Wright Forum 18(2):14-25.

Hanlin, H.G., F.D. Martin, L.D. Wike, and S.H. Bennett. 2000. Terrestrial activity, abundance, and species richness of amphibians in managed forests in South Carolina. The American Midland Naturalist 143:70-83.

Heyer, W. R., M. A. Donnelly, R. W. McDiarmid, L.-A. C. Hayek, and M. S. Foster (eds.). 1994. Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity. Standard Methods for Amphibians. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC. 364 pp.

Houze, C. M., Jr. and C. R. Chandler. 2002. Evaluation of coverboards for sampling terrestrial salamanders in Georgia. Journal of Herpetology 36: 75-81.

Hyde, E. J. and T. R. Simons. 2001. Sampling plethodontid salamanders: sources of variability. Journal of Wildlife Management 65:624-632.

Jung, R. E., S. Droege, J. R. Sauer, and R.B. Landry. 2000. Evaluation of terrestrial and streamside salamander monitoring techniques at Shenandoah National Park. Environmental Monitoring & Assessment 63: 65-79.

Jung, R. E., K.E. Bonine, M.L. Rosenshield, A. de la Reza, S. Raimondo, and S. Droege. 2002. Evaluation of canoe surveys for anurans along the Rio Grande in Big Bend National Park, Texas. Journal of Herpetology 36:390-397.

Karns, D. R. 1986. Field Herpetology. Methods for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles in Minnesota. James Ford Bell Museum of Natural History, Occasional Paper 18, 86 pp.

Leiden, Y.A., M.E. Dorcas, and J.W. Gibbons. 1999. Herpetofaunal diversity in coastal plain communities of South Carolina. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 115:270-280.

Lepage, M., R. Courtois, C. Daigle, and S. Matte. 1997. Surveying calling anurans in Québec using volunteers. In Green, D. M. (ed.), Amphibians in Decline. Canadian Studies of a Global Problem. Herpetological Conservation No. 1:128-140.

Lipps, K. R., J. K. Reaser, B. E. Young, and R. Ibáñez. 2001. Amphibian Monitoring in Latin America: A Protocol Manual. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Herpetological Circular No. 30, 115 pp.

Marsh, D. M. and M. A. Goicochea. 2003. Monitoring terrestrial salamanders: biases caused by intense sampling and choice of cover objects. Journal of Herpetology 37:460–466.

McAlpine, D. F. 1997. A simple transect technique for estimating abundances of aquatic Ranid frogs. In Green, D. M. (ed.), Amphibians in Decline. Canadian Studies of a Global Problem. Herpetological Conservation No. 1:180-184.

Mitchell, J. C. 1998. Amphibian Decline in the Mid-Atlantic Region: Monitoring and Management of a Sensitive Resource. U.S. Department of Defense Legacy Resource Management Program, 144 pp.

Mitchell, J. C. 1998. Guide to Inventory and Monitoring of Amphibians on Fort A.P. Hill, Fort Belvoir, Marine Corps Base Quantico, and Prince William Forest Park, Virginia. U.S. Department of Defense Legacy Resource Management Program, Supplement 1, 66 pp.

Mitchell, J. C. 1998. Guide to Inventory and Monitoring of Streamside Salamanders in Shenandoah National Park, Virginia. U.S. Department of Defense Legacy Resource Management Program, Supplement 2, 29 pp.

Mitchell, J. C. 2000. Amphibian Monitoring Methods & Field Guide. Smithsonian Conservation Research Center, Front Royal, Virginia. 56 pp.

Mitchell, J. C., S. Y. Erdle and J. F. Pagels. 1993. Evaluation of capture techniques for amphibian, reptile and small mammal communities in saturated forested wetlands. Wetlands 13:130-136.

Monti, L., M. Hunter, and J. Witham. 2001. An evaluation of the artificial cover object (ACO) method for monitoring populations of the redback salamander Plethodon cinereus. Journal of Herpetology 34: 624-629.

Moulton, C.A., W.J. Fleming, and B.R. Nerney. 1996. The use of PVC pipes to capture hylid frogs. Herpetological Review 27:186-187.

Mullins, M.L., B.A. Pierce, and K.J. Gutzwiller. 2004. Assessment of quantitative enclosure sampling of larval amphibians. Journal of Herpetology 38:166-172.

Olson, D. H., W. P. Leonard, and R. B. Bury (eds.). 1997. Sampling Amphibians in Lentic Habitats. Northwest Fauna No. 4, 134 pp.

Pauley, T. K., and M. Little. 1998. A new technique to monitor larval and juvenile salamanders in stream habitats. Banisteria 12:32-36.

Pearman, P. B., A. M. Velasco, and A. López. 1995. Tropical amphibian monitoring: a comparison of methods for detecting intra-site variation in species' composition. Herpetologica 51: 325-337.

Pechmann, J.H.K. 2003. Natural population fluctuations and human influences. Pp. 85-93 In R.D. Semlitsch (ed.), Amphibian Conservation. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C., U.S.A.

Petranka, J. W., and S. K. Murray. 2001. Effectiveness of removal sampling for determining salamander density and biomass: a case study in an Appalachian stream community. Journal of Herpetology 35:36-44.

Phillott, A.D., L.F. Skerrat, K.R. McDonald, F.L. Lemckert, H.B. Hines, J.M. Clarke, R.A. Alford and R. Speare. 2007. Toe-clipping as an acceptable method of identifying individual anurans in mark recapture studies. Herpetological Review 38:305-308.

Rowley, J.J.L. and R.A. Alford. 2007. Non-contact infrared thermometers can absolutely measure amphibian body temperatures. Herpetological Review 38:308-311.

Ryan, T.J., T. Philippi, Y.A. Leiden, M.E. Dorcas, T.B. Wigley, and J.W. Gibbons. 2002. Monitoring herpetofauna in a managed forest landscape: effects of habitat types and census techniques. Forest Ecology and Management 167:83-90.

Sargent, L. G. 2000. Frog and toad population monitoring in Michigan. Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science 107: 195-199.

Smit, G., A. Zuiderwijk, and A. Groenveld. 1998. A national amphibian monitoring program in the Netherlands. SEH, Le Bourget du Lac, France. Pp. 397-402.

Smith, C. K., and  J. W. Petranka. 2000. Monitoring terrestrial salamanders: repeatability and validity of area-constrained cover object searches. Journal of Herpetology 34:547-557.

Sorensen, K. 2003. Trapping success and population analysis of Siren lacertina and Amphiuma means. M.S. thesis, University of Florida, Gainesville.

Taylor, A., G. Watson, G. Grigg, and H. McCallum. 1996. Monitoring frog communities: an application of machine learning. AAAI/IAAI 2: 1564-1569. [8th Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence Conference, Portland, Oregon].

Tiebout, H.M.  2003. An inventory of the herpetofauna of Valley Forge National Historical Park. National Park Service. Technical Report NPS/PHSO/NRTR-03/088.

Tietje, W. D., and J. K. Vreeland 1997. The use of plywood coverboards to sample herpetofauna in a California oak woodland.  Transactions of the Western Section of the Wildlife Society. 33:67-74.

Vogt, R. C. and R. L. Hine. 1982. Evaluation of techniques for assessment of amphibian and reptile populations in Wisconsin. Pages 201-217 In N. J. Scott, Jr. (ed.), Herpetological Communities, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wildlife Research Report 13, Washington, D.C.

Waldron, J. L., C. K. Dodd, Jr., and J. D. Corser. 2003. Leaf litterbags: factors affecting capture of stream-dwelling salamanders. Applied Herpetology 1:23-36.

Welsh, H. H. and S. Droege. 2001. A case for using plethodontid salamanders for monitoring biodiversity and ecosystem integrity of North American forests. Conservation Biology 15:558-569.

Wilson, C R. and P. B. Pearman. 2000. Sampling characteristics of aquatic funnel traps for monitoring populations of adult rough-skinned newts (Taricha granulosa) in lentic habitats. Northwestern Naturalist 81: 31-34.

Willson, J.D. and M.E. Dorcas. 2004. A comparison of aquatic drift fences with traditional funnel trapping as a quantitative method for sampling amphibians. Herpetological Review 35:148-150.

Willson, J. D., and M. E. Dorcas. 2003. Quantitative sampling of stream salamanders: a comparison of dipnetting and funnel trapping techniques. Herpetological Review 34:128-130.

Wilson, J. J. and T. J. Maret. 2002. A comparison of two methods for estimating the abundance of amphibians in aquatic habitats. Herpetological Review 33:108-110.

Zacharow, M., W. J. Barichivich, and C. K. Dodd, Jr. 2003. Using ground-placed PVC pipes to monitor hylid treefrogs: capture biases. Southeastern Nat. pp. 2:575-590.


Accessibility FOIA Privacy Policies and Notices

Take Pride in America logo logo U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
Page Contact Information: SESC Webmaster
Page Last Modified: Friday, 14-Dec-2012 12:54:35 EST